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防火板中特殊的物理功能
发布时间:2020-12-30    发布人:富美家防火板小编   网址:https://www.zhumeiyike.com/   点击:
防火板是一种在装饰中常常会使用到的材料,这种材料有非常实用且特殊的物理性能,而且装饰性也是非常的不俗。市场上在流通的防火板的种类是相当的多的,不同的防火板是会有相应的长处的,在完全了解防火板的特点之后,才能更好的使用防火板。
Fireproof board is a kind of material often used in decoration. This material has very practical and special physical properties, and the decoration is also very good. There are many kinds of fireproof boards in circulation on the market. Different fireproof boards have corresponding advantages. Only after fully understanding the characteristics of fireproof boards can we use them better.
防火板的特点防火板是表面装饰用耐火建材,广泛用于室内装饰、家具、厨柜、实验室台面、外墙等领域。防火板是原纸(钛粉纸、牛皮纸)经过三聚氰胺与酚醛树脂的浸渍工艺,经过高温高压环境制成。
Fireproof board is a kind of refractory building material for surface decoration, which is widely used in interior decoration, furniture, kitchen cabinet, laboratory table, exterior wall and other fields. Fireproof board is made of base paper (titanium powder paper, kraft paper) through melamine and phenolic resin impregnation process, through high temperature and high pressure environment.
矿棉板、玻璃棉板:主要以矿棉、玻璃棉为隔热材料。其本身不燃、耐高温性能好、质轻,但不足之处有:①短纤维对人体呼吸系统会造成危害;②板材强度差;③板材对火灾烟气蔓延的阻隔性能差;④装饰性差,⑤安装施工工作量大。因此,该种板材现已大部分演变成以无机粘结材料为基材,矿棉、玻璃棉作为增强材料的板材。
Mineral wool board, glass wool board: mainly mineral wool, glass wool as insulation materials. It is nonflammable, high temperature resistant and light in weight, but its disadvantages are as follows: ① short fiber will cause harm to human respiratory system; ② poor strength of plate; ③ poor barrier performance of plate to fire smoke spread; ④ poor decoration; ⑤ heavy installation and construction workload. Therefore, most of the boards have evolved into inorganic bonding materials as the base material, mineral wool, glass wool as reinforcement materials.
水泥板:水泥板材强度高,来源广泛。过去常用它作防火吊顶和隔墙,但其耐火性能较差,在火场中易炸裂穿孔、失去保护作用而使其应用受到一定限制。水泥混凝土构件的隔热、隔声性能好,可作为隔墙和屋面板。建材市场上陆续出现了纤维增强水泥板等改进品种,具有强度高、耐火性能好的优点,但韧性较差、碱度大、装饰效果较差。
Cement board: cement board has high strength and wide sources. In the past, it was often used as fireproof ceiling and partition wall, but its fire resistance performance was poor, and its application was limited because it was easy to burst and perforation in the fire and lost its protective effect. The cement concrete component has good performance of heat insulation and sound insulation, and can be used as partition wall and roof panel. Fiber reinforced cement board and other improved varieties have appeared in the building materials market, which has the advantages of high strength and good fire resistance, but poor toughness, high alkalinity and poor decorative effect.
富美家防火板
珍珠岩板、漂珠板、蛭石板:是以低碱度水泥为基材,珍珠岩、玻璃微珠、蛭石为加气填充材料,再添加一些助剂复合而制成的空心板材。具有自重轻、强度高、韧性好、防火隔热、施工方便等特点,可广泛应用于高层框架建筑物分室、分户、卫生间、厨房、通讯管等非承重部位。
Perlite board, floating bead board, vermiculite board: it is a hollow board made of low alkalinity cement as the base material, perlite, glass beads, vermiculite as the aerated filling material, and some additives. It has the characteristics of light weight, high strength, good toughness, fire prevention and heat insulation, convenient construction, etc. it can be widely used in non load bearing parts of high-rise frame buildings, such as rooms, households, toilets, kitchens, communication pipes, etc.
防火石膏板材:从石膏的防火性能被广泛接受以来,以石膏为基材的防火板材发展很快。该板材主要成分不燃且含有结晶水,耐火性能较好,可用作隔墙、吊顶和屋面板等。该板材原料来源丰富,便于工厂定型化生产。在使用中,它自重较轻,可以减轻建筑承重,且加工容易,可锯可刨,施工方便,装饰性好,但它的抗折性能较差。影响石膏板耐火性能的因素较多,如组成成分、板的类型、龙骨种类、板的厚度、空气层中有无填料、拼装方式等。
Fireproof gypsum board: since the fireproof performance of gypsum is widely accepted, the fireproof board based on gypsum develops rapidly. The main component of the board is nonflammable and contains crystal water, which has good fire resistance and can be used as partition wall, ceiling and roof panel. The raw material source of the plate is rich, and it is convenient for the factory to produce. In use, it has light weight, can reduce the building load-bearing, and easy processing, can be sawed and planed, convenient construction, good decoration, but its bending resistance is poor. There are many factors affecting the performance, such as the thickness of the keel board, the composition of the filler, the composition of the air, etc.
更近几年又出现了硅钙石膏纤维板、双面贴纸石膏防火板等新品种。
In recent years, new varieties such as calcium silicate gypsum fiberboard, double-sided sticker gypsum fireproof board have appeared.
硅酸钙纤维板:是以石灰、硅酸盐及无机纤维增强材料为主要原料的建筑板材,具有质轻、强度高且隔热性、耐久性好、加工性能与施工性能优良等特点,主要用于制作天花板、隔墙以及作为钢柱、钢梁的防火保护材料。但板材强度和弯曲性能还有待提高。
Calcium silicate fiberboard: it is a building board with lime, silicate and inorganic fiber reinforced materials as the main raw materials. It has the characteristics of light weight, high strength, heat insulation, good durability, excellent processing performance and construction performance. It is mainly used for making ceiling, partition wall and fire protection materials for steel columns and beams. However, the strength and bending properties of the sheet still need to be improved.